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a.r.

  • group
1929 – 1936
  • Władysław Strzemiński founder, participant
  • Katarzyna Kobro (Kobro-Strzemińska) participant
  • Henryk Stażewski participant
  • Julian Przyboś participant
  • Jan Brzękowski participant
  • Музей искусств в Лодзи participant
  • Karol Hiller participant
Группа "a.r.": Юлиан Пшибось, Владислав Стржеминский, Катажина Кобро, 1930

The abbreviation can stand for "Revolutionary Artists" (Artyści rewolucyjni) or "Real Avant-Garde" (Awangarda rzeczywista).

The artist and theorist Vladislav Strzheminsky organized the "ar" group, which included the artist-sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, the artist Henryk Staevsky, the poets Julian Przybos and Jan Brzekowski. The group organized several exhibitions, published a bulletin of the same name and formed a library and the International Collection of Contemporary Art, which acquires the status of a state museum.

It was one of the most active and radical avant-garde groups in Poland during the interwar period. The group consisted of plastic artists - former members of the Blok and Praesens (Strzheminsky, Kobro, Staevsky) and, at the initiative of Strzeminsky, poets from the Zwrotnica circle (Julian Przybos and Jan Brzenkowski). It is believed that the artist Karol Hiller was also one of them.

As conceived by the founders, the group was to become an alternative to the Praesens group, and its activities combined poetry, art and architecture. The main goal of the revolutionary artists was the development of contemporary art, and then the implementation of the developed solutions and principles into reality. Working collaboratively, the writers and artists of the "ar" group produced pamphlets, booklets and other printed matter that celebrated avant-garde art of the 20th century. The members of the group considered their main goal to be the task of popularizing radical artistic and literary avant-garde among the Poles.

The activities of the group consisted of organizational work, speeches and publications. The members of the group promoted the ideas of the new art primarily through the brochures "Komunikaty" and the publishing series "Library ar" .

The group's second initiative was the International Collection of Contemporary Art . Thanks to the efforts of Strzeminski, Julian and Kazimierz Bartoszewicz in Lodz (since 1950 it has been the Art Museum in Lodz) established a department of contemporary art. This was the first public collection of contemporary avant-garde art in Europe and, after the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the second in the world.

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Associated institutions

Associated Documents

Selected dates:

1929

The group is based in Lodi .

1929–1932

The group is engaged in the acquisition and donation of exhibits to form the International Collection of Contemporary Art .

1930s

The group kept in touch with the Parisian group Abstraction-Création , whose exhibition was to take place in Warsaw and Łódź in the 1930s. However, for financial and organizational reasons, these plans could not be finalized.

1930

The Museum of Art in Łódź was created as a result of the reorganization of the Łódź museums.

March 1930

The first brochure "Komunikat" was released. It was printed on cardboard on both sides and contained brief slogans, which are the postulates of the group. The brochure appeared with the publication of a collection of poems by Julian Przybos "From Above" ("Z ponad").

February 1931

An agreement was signed between the Łódź city council and the group, on the basis of which the collection was transferred to the museum for storage and is available to visitors . Initially, it consisted of 21 paintings, including 10 foreign ones. A year later, the published illustrated catalog contained 75 works by 44 artists (29 foreign and 15 Polish). At that time, this collection was second in Europe after the Hanoverian in terms of importance and size.

December 1932

The second "Komunikat" is released. It consisted of a four-page large-format booklet and contained articles on the mass nature of art and its social impact. It also featured a typeface designed by Władysław Strzeminsky.

Mid 1930s (probably 1936)

The group ceased operations due to financial difficulties.

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As part of the "Library ar" seven editions have been published:

Julian Przybos: "From Above", graphic layout: Vladislav Strzheminsky, 1930 (Julian Przyboś, Z ponad, układ graficzny Władysław Strzemiński);

Katarzyna Kobro, Władysław Strzeminski: "Composition of space. Calculation of space-time rhythm", 1931 (Katarzyna Kobro, Władysław Strzemiński, Kompozycja przestrzeni. Obliczenia rytmu czasoprzestrzennego);

Julian Przybos: "Into the depths of the forest", 1932 (Julian Przyboś, W głąb lasu);

Jan Brzękowski: "From the second person, drawings by Jean Arp", 1933 (Jan Brzękowski, W drugiej osobie, rysunki Jean Arp);

Jan Brzękowski: "Integral Poetry", 1933 (Jan Brzękowski, Poezja integralna);

Władysław Strzeminski: "Functional Printing", 1935 (Władysław Strzeminski, Druk funkcjonalny);

Jan Brzękowski: "Closed around the mouth, illustrations by Max Ernst", 1936 (Jan Brzękowski, Zaciśnięte dookoła ust, ilustracje Max Ernst).

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  • historical vanguard
  • poland