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eng Automatic Translation

Zaslavl (historical and cultural museum-reserve)

Selected events

Articles on KALEKTAR

The historical and cultural museum-reserve "Zaslavl" is a unique territory of the historical center of the ancient city of Zaslavl with preserved monuments of architecture and archeology of the 10th-20th centuries. and museum objects. The following museum-affiliated objects of the museum-reserve are open to the public:

1. Museum and exhibition complex
2. Ethnographic complex "Mlyn"
3. Children's Museum of Mythology and Forests
4. Museum-DOT

To learn more about the museum-affiliated objects of the museum-reserve, please refer to the “Exhibition” section of the page.

On the territory under the protection of the museum-reserve, you can see such archaeological monuments as the fortification "Zamechak" and the fortification "Val", architectural monuments: the Church of the Transfiguration (former Calvin collection, 16th century, Gothic and Renaissance), the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (XVIII century, Baroque), as well as other monuments of historical heritage. They are included in the protected area, but are not museum objects. The church belongs to the Orthodox parish, the church belongs to the Catholic parish of Zaslavl, access to them is determined by the schedule of services of these churches. Access to archaeological monuments is free, subject to respectful and careful treatment of the ancient monuments of our country.

Settlement "Zamechak" ("Castle")
It was to the territory of this fortified settlement, built at the end of the 10th century, that Rogneda and Izyaslav were exiled by the Kyiv prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich. From here, in fact, the history of the fortified city of Izyaslavl began, which later became modern Zaslavl. The settlement is located on the southwestern outskirts of the city, in that part of it called “Kladochki”. The internal site of the fortified settlement is almost circular, with a diameter of 70-74 m. The height of the earthen ring rampart is 3 m with a width at the base of 13 m, its outer slopes were strengthened by an inclined palisade, and the top was protected by a timber defensive wall. Around the rampart there was a dry ditch 11 m wide and 3.5 m deep. Now only the circular earthen rampart remains of this fortified settlement. In the center of the site there is a memorial cross dedicated to the 1000th anniversary of the Polotsk diocese. In the 10th century, Zaslavl was part of the lands of the Principality of Polotsk. The name "Zamechak" ("Castle") was assigned to the settlement in the 19th century. Local residents also called this place “Rogneda’s Grave.”

Fortification "Val"
This archaeological monument is the second fortress built after people left Zameček in the 11th century. For centuries, it was a wooden fortress typical of that time, built on embankments reinforced with stones and clay. A radical reconstruction of the fortress took place at the end of the 16th century, when it turned into a fortification of a bastion fortification system, surrounded by a moat filled with water. The height of the earthen rampart was significantly increased. The bastions, like a rampart, were made of earth, their surface was reinforced with stones and bricks. Sometimes in literature this fortress appears under the name “Zaslavsky Castle”. It is important to understand that this castle differed in appearance from Western European ones - there were no walls and towers entirely made of stone and brick; the main building material for the fortification was earth.

Spaso-Preobrazhenskaya Church (former Calvin congregation)
This architectural monument was built at the end of the 16th century. according to the foundation of Jan Yanovich Glebovich inside the defensive rampart of Zaslavsky Castle. It was built as a Protestant church - a Calvin church, and combined Gothic and Renaissance features. Having served the Protestants, it later became the Church of the Archangel Michael. From the second half of the 19th century. The temple was handed over to the Orthodox and consecrated as the Church of the Transfiguration, which is still in operation. This is the oldest architectural monument that has survived to this day in Zaslavl, its “calling card”, a historical and cultural value of national significance.

Church of the Nativity of the Most Serene Virgin Mary
This religious building, which became the dominant feature of the Market Square, was erected in the second half of the 18th century. in the late Baroque style at the expense of Anthony Przezdetsky, who owned the Zaslavsky county. In the second half of the 19th century. The temple was transferred to the Orthodox and acted as the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary. During the Great Patriotic War it received significant damage. At the end of the twentieth century. The temple was returned to the Catholic parish, who began its restoration. The church is active.

Market Square
The Market Square, which appeared in the 11th-12th centuries, deserves special attention. at the intersection of roads in three directions: Logoisk, Rakov and Minsk. The final formation of the area dates back to the 20-30s. XVII century, when the owner of Zaslavl was Nikolai Glebovich. The square housed shopping arcades, stores (shops), and taverns. The area acquired its greatest importance at the end of the 17th-18th centuries, when Zaslavl was the center of the county. Minsk voyt Antony Pshezdetsky, owner of Zaslavl, received royal privileges to hold four fairs a year and bidding every Sunday. After the Great Patriotic War, the market was moved from Market Square. An administrative center was created in its former place. Part of the former Market Square is now occupied by a city park, in which a sculpture is installed in honor of the city’s founder, Prince Izyaslav.