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eng Automatic Translation

Kazimir Malevich

1879 – 1935

Founder of Suprematism, avant-garde artist, teacher, art theorist, philosopher. Professor-head of the workshop at the Vitebsk Folk Art School. Founder of the creative association UNOVIS ("Affirmative of the New Art"). The Vitebsk cycle of Kazimir Malevich consists of philosophical works “On New Systems in Art” (1919), “From Cezanne to Suprematism” (1920), “Suprematism. 34 drawings" (1920), "To the question of fine arts" (1921).


Selected events

Selected Artwork Series

Selected artworks

Associated institutions

Articles on KALEKTAR

Associated Documents


Selected dates:

February 23, 1879

Born in Kiev.

August 5, 1905

For the first time he applied for admission to the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. However, the school did not accept him. Then he settled in an art commune in Lefortovo.


He worked in the studio of F. Rerberg in Moscow.


Malevich took part in the "Dispute on Contemporary Painting" in St. Petersburg, as well as in the "First in Russia Evening of Speech Makers" in Moscow. Participated in the exhibition "Target". Designed a number of futuristic publications. At the last exhibition of the Union of Youth, along with neo-primitivist works, he exhibited paintings that he himself called "abstruse realism" and "cubo-futuristic realism."


Participated in the first futuristic exhibition "Tram B" in Petrograd. He worked on the first Suprematist paintings. Wrote the manifesto “From Cubism to Suprematism. New pictorial realism, published by Matyushin. At the "Last Futuristic Exhibition of Paintings" 0.10 "" he exhibited 39 works under the general title "Suprematism of Painting".

January 1, 1916

The most famous painting by Malevich - "Black Square" was first exhibited in Petrograd.

May 1917

He was elected to the council of the professional Union of painters in Moscow as a representative of the left federation (young faction). In August, he became chairman of the Artistic Section of the Moscow Council of Soldiers' Deputies, engaged in educational work, developed a project for the People's Academy of Arts.


He directed the "Workshop for the Study of the New Art of Suprematism" at the Free State Art Workshops.

November 1919

The artist moved to Vitebsk, where he began running a workshop at the "New Revolutionary Model" People's Art School, which was headed by Marc Chagall. He published the theoretical work "On New Systems in Art".


Around the artist there was a group of devoted students - UNOVIS (Affirmative of the New Art). Its members were L. Lissitzky, L. Khidekel, I. Chashnik, N. Kogan. Malevich himself during this period practically did not create paintings, concentrating on writing theoretical and philosophical works. Also, under the influence of El Lissitzky, the first experiments in the field of architecture began. He delivered a lecture "On the New Art" at the UNOVIS conference in Smolensk, supervised the decorative design of Vitebsk for the 3rd anniversary of October. In the same year, the artist had a daughter, whom he, in honor of UNOVIS, named Una.


Published the UNOVIS manifesto in the Vitebsk magazine Art.


Malevich finished work on his main theoretical and philosophical work - "Suprematism. The world as pointlessness or eternal rest". In Vitebsk, his brochure "God will not be thrown off. Art, church, factory" was published.

June 1922

The artist moved to Petrograd with several students who were members of UNOVIS. Participated in the activities of the Petrograd Museum of Artistic Culture. Malevich's works were exhibited at the First Russian Art Exhibition in Berlin.


The second personal exhibition of the artist dedicated to the 25th anniversary of his creative activity took place in Moscow. In the same year, he read a report at the State Academy of Artistic Sciences (GAKhN) in Moscow; created sketches of new forms and decorative Suprematist paintings for the Petrograd State Porcelain Factory.


He was appointed interim director of the Petrograd Museum of Artistic Culture, and began research and teaching work in it, surrounding himself with students who moved to Petrograd after him.


Malevich was the director of the Leningrad State Institute of Artistic Culture (Ginkhuk), and headed the formal-theoretical department in it.


He moved to Kiev, where, through the efforts of Nikolai Skripnik, Malevich created normal conditions for creativity. He taught at the Kiev Art Institute, his colleagues were Krichevsky, Boychuk, Palmov, Bogomazov, Tatlina.

November 1, 1929

The "Exhibition of paintings and drawings by K. S. Malevich" was opened. In the same year, Malevich's works were exhibited at the exhibition "Abstract and Surrealistic Painting and Plastic" in Zurich. In 1929, Malevich was appointed Lunacharsky "People's Commissar of the IZO Narkompros."


Malevich worked on an unrealized project - the painting "Sotsgorod". The last period in the artist's work began: at this time he painted mostly portraits of a realistic nature.


A serious illness (prostate cancer) began.

May 15, 1935

Kazimir Malevich died of cancer in Leningrad.