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eng Automatic Translation


Abstractionism is a style of fine art that excludes the realistic reproduction of the surrounding world. The main idea of the direction is that, freed from the imitation of reality, one can express the objectively existing Spirituality much deeper and more fully. There are much more opportunities for experiments and conditions for consolidating the new.

Absolutely moving away from objectivity, abstractionism can be called the culmination in the development of modernism. The first representatives of the direction are: Wassily Kandinsky (the author of the aesthetic foundations of abstract art “On the Spiritual in Art”, 1910), Kazimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian. It is important to note that abstract art includes rayonism, tachisme, orphism, neoclassicism, abstract expressionism.

The main features are: chaotic piling up and combination of lines, shapes and spots, depiction of simple and complex shapes, play with color. The accent is the independent value of the color spot. Artists seek to evoke certain associations, emotions or thoughts in the viewer by creating a holistic composition.

Abstract art has two vectors of development: geometric abstraction and lyrical abstraction. The first direction is characterized by the use of correct, clear forms. The lyrical is distinguished by the use of a free-flowing form, filled with pulsating colors.

In Belarus, the starting point of abstract art is the Vitebsk Art School. Unfortunately, the works of Malevich and his students have not been preserved on the territory of Belarus. The development of style can be traced through the works of Yefim Rak.

Belarusian artist Nadezhda Leger (Khodasevich), who lives in France and largely determined the Soviet cultural ties of that time, held an exhibition at the Art Museum in Minsk. The exhibition caused a real stir, due to the inaccessibility of the avant-garde of world art of the 20th century for the Soviet cultural space.

The representative of modern Belarusian abstract art Sergey Kiryushchenko. His practice is based on pictorial activity, but the artist often turns to other media. Once every few years, Sergei changes the direction of his work, but always returns to abstract art.

Other representatives of Belarusian abstract art: Vladimir Tsesler, Sergei Lapsha, Tamara Sokolova, Oleg Murashko, Vladimir Lappo, Vladimir Providokhin, Vasily Baranov, Igor Kashkurevich, Konstantin Selikhanov, Leonid Khobotov, the Nemiga-17 group, Vasily and Galina Vasiliev, Alexander Maley, Association "Square".

Unfortunately, the Belarusian fund does not own a large number of works in this direction, due to the museum's long lack of interest in the abstract style. Abstract art in Belarus was described by Belarusian curator Olga Arkhipova: “Belarusian abstract art is different in that we don’t have a school as such, and the authors do not limit themselves, being carried away by the form in its various manifestations – geometrism, color, symbols, signs. Moreover, the language of abstraction is not alien to folk and applied art, where the masters also pay tribute to conventionality and abstract images. As a result, the artist himself names his style. "