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eng Automatic Translation

Pavel Gudkovsky

1893 – 1962

Graphic artist, painter, poster artist, one of the founders of the Belarusian school of Soviet graphics. Representative of the Belarusian bookplate genre. He worked in the techniques of linocut and woodcut, painted in watercolor and gouache, and drew with pencil and ink.

He worked on illustrations for books by Belarusian writers, including Yakub Kolas, Zmitrok Byadulya and others. The artist also made a contribution to scientific activity: as part of an ethnographic expedition to Belarus, Gudkovsky and other artists and folklorists managed to collect and partially photograph many ancient monuments, and find a significant number of samples of Slutsk belts and fabrics.

Works by P. M. Gudkovsky are available in the State Art Museum of Belarus, in private Belarusian and Russian collections.

Lived and worked in Minsk.

Selected artworks

Associated institutions

Articles on KALEKTAR

Selected dates:

1893

Born in the village of Zabela, Slutsk district (Russian Empire, now the Republic of Belarus).

He studied at the icon painting workshop of P. Kurbatov (Minsk). He studied at the art school in Warsaw, the Higher Art and Technical Workshops in Moscow ( VKHUTEMAS), where he was influenced by modern art, including constructivism. He did not receive any special art education.

1920s

He worked in the Minsk art and production workshops "Fine Arts", and also worked as an illustrator for the magazines "Dawn of the West" and "Maladnyak".

Since 1921

Participated in exhibitions.

1925

Participant of the 1st All-Belarusian art exhibition.

1928

Among four Belarusian artists, he presented his works at the International Bookplate Exhibition in Los Angeles.

Since 1928

He was a member of the association of artists "Pramen".

1941—1945

During the Great Patriotic War, Pavel Gudkovsky remained in German-occupied territory. To save his son Nikolai from punishment for helping Jews, Gudkovsky collaborated with the German occupation authorities - he worked as an engraver in the editorial office of German newspapers published in Minsk.

March 3, 1945

He was arrested for “collaboration with German authorities during the occupation” and was sentenced to 10 years of correctional labor with confiscation of property.

1954

Released from a correctional camp.

1956

Rehabilitated. After liberation, he lived in Belarus until his death in 1962.